Citizenship Act, 1955 The Citizenship Act. (1955) provides for acquisition and loss of citizenship after the commencement of the Constitution. This Act has been amended so for five times in 1986. 1992, 2003, 2005 and 2015.
Acquisition of Citizenship The Act provides For the acquisition of Indian citizenship after the commencement of the Constitution in five ways, such as follow
By Birth Every person horn in India on or after January 26. 1950 shall be a citizen of India by the law of the soil. provided either or both of his/her parents are citizens of India at the time of his/her birth.
By Descent Broadly. a person born outside India on or after January 26. 1950. is a citizen of India by descent if his/her either of the parents is a citizen of India at the time of that person’s birth.
By Registration The prescribed authority may, on the application, “gist” as a citizen of India. any Person Who is not a citizen by virtue of Constitution or the provisions of the Citizenship Act
By Naturalisation Citizenship b naturalization can be acquired by y making an application in the prescribed manner.
There are exceptions of Article-M. under this, the President and the Governors are not answerable to any court for the exercise and performance of the power and duties of his OfflCC. also they are exempled from any criminal Proceedings during the tenure of their ocher.
Article-15 prohibits discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste or sex, place of birth or any of them. I Article-IG provides for equality or ‘ opportunity for all citizens in matters of employment or appointment to any office under the State.
article-17 abolishes untouchability and forbids its practice in any form. The enforcement of any disability arising out of untouchability shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law. The Parliament enacted the Untouchability (Offences) Act, 1955, which prescribes the punishment for the practice of untouchability,
Article-18 ensurm abolition of tides. It says no title, nor being a military or academic distinction shall
be conferred by the State.
Article-19 bestows six rights on all
‘ citizens. Initially, Artide-l9 contained seven rights. But, the Right to acquire, hold and dispose of the property was deleted by the 44th Amendment Act of 1978. These are
Article-19 (a) Freedom of speech and expression enables an individual to participate in public activities. There is no separate provision for freedom of the press in our Constitution. It is inherent in Article-19. which grants freedom of speech and expression.