ArticIe-52 States that there shall be a President of India.The President of India is the Head of the State. The President symbolizes the entire nation as one political. community. The President is the first citizen of India According to Article-53(l), the executive power of the Union vests with the President. However. the President can exercise his/her powers either directly or through officers subordinate to him/her in accordance with the Constitution.
Article-55(3) provides for the election of the President by the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. The voting is by Secret Ballot. The nomination of a candidate for election to the office of President must be subscribed by at least 50 electors as ptoposets and 50 electors as seconders. The President shall hold once for a tenure of 5 years from the date on which he/she enters the 051cc (Artide‘SGU). Even after the President completes his/her term, he/she shall occupy the office unless a successor is sworn in. Article‘58 of the Constitution sets the principle qualifications one must meet to be eligible to the oche of the President. A President must be a citizen of India; of 35 years of age or above: qualified to become a member of ‘ the Lek Sabha.
the grounds of violation of the Constitution. The Impeachment motion can be brought in either House of the Parliament. where it has to he signed by one fourth members ofthc House. In the event of a vacancy created for the President’s post due to death. resignation. removal etc. Article-GS of the Indian Constitution says that the Vice-l’residents will have to discharge his duties.When vacancies occur in the offices of the President and of the Vice-President simultaneously. owing to removal death, the resignation of the incumbent or otherwise.In such an eventuality, the Chief justice of India or in his absence, the seniormost judge of the Supreme Court of India available discharges the functions.
Executive PowersThe executive power: and fimctions of the President are allow: All executive actions of the government of India are formally taken in his name. He/She appoints the Prime Minister and the Other ministers. They hold office during his pleasure.Legislative Powers The President summons both the Houses of the Parliament and prorogues them. He/ she can even dissolve the Lok Sabha. All Bills passed by the Parliament can become laws only after the assent of the President. The President can return a Bill to the Parliament (if it is not a Money Bill) for Financial Powers No demand for a grant can be made except on his/her recommendation. ‘ , Money Bill can be introduced in the Parliament only with the President’s prior recommendation.Military Powers He/She is the Supreme Commander of the Defence Forces of India. He/She appoints the Chiefs of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force. Pardoning Power of PresidentThe President can issue the following orders of mercy to the convinced citizen of india